how to ship a lithium battery
Lithium battery transportation includes air transportation, water transportation and land transportation. So far, air transportation and marine transportation are most commonly used. As lithium is a metal that is particularly prone to chemical reaction and easy to extend and burn, lithium battery packaging and transportation, such as improper handling, easy to burn and explode, and accidents also occur from time to time.
More and more attention has been paid to the accidents caused by the non-standard behavior of lithium battery transportation in packaging and transportation. Many international institutions have issued many regulations, and the management institutions are becoming more and more strict, improving the operation requirements and constantly modifying the regulations and laws.
Basic requirements for lithium battery transportation
(1) Lithium batteries and lithium battery packs are classified as class 9 dangerous goods;
(2) All lithium batteries (batteries) must pass the UN38.3 test;
(3) Exceptions are provided for the transportation of lithium batteries of some class 9 dangerous goods;
(4) Strict restrictions are imposed on the transportation of samples;
(5) Restrictions on daily lithium batteries carried;
(6) Defective batteries or damaged batteries are prohibited from transportation
1.Requirements for transportation packaging and air and sea transportation of lithium batteries
Without considering exceptions, these batteries must be transported in accordance with the restrictions in the rules (packaging instructions applicable to dgr4.2). They must be packed in UN specification packaging specified in DGR dangerous goods rules according to the applicable packaging instructions, and the corresponding number shall be completely displayed on the packaging. In addition to the applicable special name and UN number for correct transportation, the packaging meeting the requirements must also be labeled with class 9 hazard label. The shipper shall fill in the declaration form of dangerous goods and provide the corresponding dangerous package certificate. Provide the transportation identification report issued by the certified third party and show that the products meet the standards (including UN38.3 test and 1.2m drop packaging test).
2. Requirements for marine transportation of batteries
(1) The battery must pass the test requirements of UN38.3 and the drop packaging test of 1.2m.;
(2) The outer package must be labeled with class 9 dangerous goods and marked with UN number;
(3) It is designed to prevent bursting under normal transportation conditions, and is equipped with effective measures to prevent external short circuit;
(4) Solid outer packaging, the battery shall be protected against short circuit, and contact with conductive substances that can cause short circuit shall be prevented in the same packaging;
(5) Additional requirements for transportation of batteries installed in equipment:
The equipment shall be fixed to prevent movement in the package, and the packaging method shall prevent accidental startup during transportation. The outer packaging shall be waterproof, or through the use of lining (such as plastic bag), unless the structural characteristics of the equipment itself have waterproof characteristics.
(6) Lithium batteries shall be loaded on pallets to avoid strong vibration during handling, and each vertical and horizontal edge of the pallets shall be protected by corner guards;
(7) The lithium battery loading container shall be reinforced, and the reinforcement method and strength shall meet the requirements of the importing country
(8) For export to North America, class 9 dangerous goods labels shall be pasted at the specified positions around the container.
3. Air transportation requirements for lithium batteries
(1) The tank must pass the test requirements of UN38.3 and the drop packaging test of 1.2m;
(2) The dangerous goods declaration document provided by the shipper shall be marked with UN number;
(3) The outer package must be labeled with class 9 dangerous goods and the operation label of "full cargo aircraft transportation only"
(4) It shall be designed to prevent bursting under normal transportation conditions and equipped with effective measures to prevent external short circuit;
(5) The battery shall be protected against short circuit in a strong outer package, and contact with conductive substances that can cause short circuit shall be prevented in the same package.
(6) Additional requirements for the installation and transportation of batteries in the equipment: the equipment shall be fixed to prevent the battery from moving in the package, and the packaging shall prevent the battery from being started accidentally during transportation. The outer packaging shall be waterproof, or through the use of lining (such as plastic bag), unless the structural characteristics of the equipment itself have waterproof characteristics.
(7) Lithium batteries shall be loaded on pallets to avoid strong vibration during handling, and each vertical and horizontal edge of the pallets shall be protected by corner guards.
(8) The weight of a single package is less than 35KGS.